At a time when the Indian IT industry is expressing concerns over the US government’s clampdown on the rules for H-1B visa, a new study came up with a shocking revelation that 95 percent engineers in India do not possess the prowess to take up software development jobs.
The new report published by employability assessment company Aspiring Minds states that only 4.77 percent can write the correct logic for a program- a minimum requirement for any programing job.
The assessment involved over 36,000 engineering students from IT related branches of over 500 colleges who took Automata-a Machine Learning based assessment of software development skills- and over two-thirds could not even write code that compiles.
“Lack of programming skills is adversely impacting the IT and data science ecosystem in India. The world is moving towards introducing programming to three-year-old! India needs to catch up,” Aspiring Minds CTO and Co-Founder Varun Aggarwal said.
The study mentions that the employability gap can be attributed to rote learning based approaches rather than actually writing program on a computer for different problems. Also, there is a dearth of good teachers for programming, since most good programmers get jobs in industry at good salaries.
Programming skills are five times poorer for tier III colleges as compared to tier 1 colleges. “Sixty nine per cent of candidates from top 100 colleges are able to write a compilable code versus rest of the colleges where only 31 per cent are able to write a compilable code,” the report said.
Meanwhile, heightened competition and pricing pressure from clients have compelled IT services companies across the globe to focus on automation and artificial intelligence [AI]. The $145 billion Indian IT services sector that earns a chunk of its revenues from global clients is also no exception to this rule, as the sector realizes that enhancing their digital capabilities is the only way to survive and thrive in this market, and failing to do so may make them obsolete.
Companies such as Infosys, Wipro, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra and HCL have made significant investments to strengthen their digital strategies as they are aggressively betting on automation in the next one year.